The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) was developed in 1969 to measure student achievement nationally, and is the only nationally representative and continuing assessment of what America's students know and can do in various subject areas. Since 1983, ETS, on behalf of the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), has developed content, analyzed data and reported results for NAEP, often referred to as "The Nation's Report Card." Assessments are conducted periodically in the arts, civics, economics, geography, mathematics, reading, science, technology and engineering literacy (TEL), U.S. history and writing.
ETS and NAEP
ETS has assisted the NAEP program in introducing numerous psychometric and assessment design innovations over the years. During the past decade, NAEP has developed and administered the first national assessment in technology and engineering literacy (TEL), incorporated interactive inquiry tasks into its science assessment and delivered digital versions of most NAEP assessments. NAEP digitally based assessments (DBAs) utilize dynamic and innovative technologies to create an engaging, interactive assessment experience for students and provide more meaningful data about students' skills and knowledge. This transition to DBAs reflects a commitment by ETS to incorporate cutting-edge technologies into NAEP assessments.
To learn more about the digitally based assessments:
- Explore mathematics sample questions and reading sample questions from the 2017 assessments for grades 4 and 8.
- View the 2019 interactive tutorials for mathematics, reading and science.
- View the NAEP assessment calendar for upcoming NAEP assessments.
NAEP Data Explorer (NDE)
Developed by ETS researchers, the NDE is a powerful statistical tool that encompasses many analytical functions such as sophisticated searching, data comparison and chart and table creation. The enhanced NDE makes it even easier to explore NAEP results. This interactive, user-friendly web tool lets users do the following:
- Build custom statistical tables, animated graphics and state maps using NAEP data.
- Explore decades of assessment results for various subjects, grades and jurisdictions.
- View information about factors that may be related to student learning.
See below for the latest NAEP reports or view previous reports.
The Nation's Report Card: Latest Reports
2020 Long-term Trend Assessments
The long-term trend assessments have monitored the academic performance of 9-, 13-, and 17-year-olds in reading and mathematics for more than five decades. This latest interactive report shows that in 2020, the average scores in the long-term trend reading and mathematics assessments for 9-year-old students were higher than the first assessments in the early 1970s, but not significantly different from the average scores in 2012, the previous assessment year. The 2020 average reading and mathematics scores for 13-year-olds were higher than the earliest assessments but declined since 2012.
2019 Mathematics and Reading Report Cards – Grade 12
These interactive reports discuss the results of the 2019 NAEP mathematics and reading assessments for grade 12. The national average score in mathematics was not significantly different compared to the previous assessment in 2015, and the average reading score was two points lower compared to 2015. View the full reports online or see an overview of results in the Highlights:
2019 Mathematics and Reading Report Cards – Grades 4 and 8
These interactive reports discuss the results of the 2019 NAEP digitally based assessments in mathematics and reading for students in grades 4 and 8 for the nation, states and 27 participating Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA) districts. The national average score in mathematics was higher for fourth-graders compared to 2017, but lower for eighth-graders. Average reading scores were lower in 2019 for both fourth- and eighth-graders compared to 2017.
Explore the full reports for detailed results — including information on states and the 27 TUDA districts — or access the Highlights for an overview of results:
2019 Science Report Card – Grades 4, 8 and 12
The NAEP science assessment measures students' knowledge of three major content areas — physical science, life science, and Earth and space sciences. In 2019, the average science score for the nation was lower by 2 points at grade 4 compared to 2015, the previous assessment year. The average scores at grades 8 and 12 were not significantly different compared to the scores in 2015. Explore more results in this interactive report and try some scenario-based tasks from the assessments.
Explore the full reports for detailed results, or access the Highlights for an overview of results:
2018 Civics Report Card – Grade 8
This report presents results from the 2018 NAEP civics assessment administered to eighth-grade students across the nation. While there was no significant change in the average score compared to the previous assessment in 2014, lower-performing students made gains over the long term. View the full report online or review the highlights for an overview of results:
2018 Geography Report Card – Grade 8
This interactive report features results from the 2018 NAEP geography assessment administered to eighth-grade students across the nation. The average scores decreased for lower-performing students compared to 2014, and scores for middle- and higher-performing students remained stable. View the full report online or review the highlights for an overview of results:
2018 U.S. History Report Card – Grade 8
Explore results from the 2018 NAEP U.S. history assessment that was administered to eighth-grade students across the nation. In 2018, the average score was four points lower compared to 2014, but was higher compared to 1994 (the first assessment year). View the full report online or review the highlights for an overview of results:
2018 Technology and Engineering Literacy (TEL) Report Card – Grade 8
Results from the 2018 NAEP TEL assessment are discussed in this report. The latest data revealed that the average overall TEL score was higher for eighth-graders in 2018 than in 2014, the previous assessment year. Also, in 2018 a higher percentage of eighth-graders performed at or above NAEP Proficient in TEL compared to 2014. Explore the results in detail, view sample scenario-based tasks, and learn more about this innovative assessment. Highlights from this report are also available online.
2016 Arts Report Card – Grade 8
This report presents the results from the 2016 NAEP arts assessment at grade 8. The data revealed that average scores for eighth-graders were not significantly different between 2008 and 2016, and the percentages of students who reported taking music and/or visual arts classes remained relatively unchanged.
2012 Economics Report Card – Grade 12
This report discusses that, although there was no significant change in the overall average economics score of twelfth-grade students, the percentage of twelfth-graders performing at or above NAEP Basic increased between 2006 and 2012.
2011 Writing Report Card – Grades 8 and 12
In this report, results from the 2011 digitally-based writing assessment provide information on eighth- and twelfth-graders' ability to write on the computer for specific purposes and audiences, and on the extent to which they engaged in certain word-processing actions when composing their writing.
The National Indian Education Study 2019 (PDF)
The 2019 NIES study features factors associated with the academic performance of American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) students and how they see themselves in relation to their Native languages, culture and aspirations. The survey results presented in this report are focused primarily on the responses of fourth- and eighth-grade AI/AN students to selected survey questions. Approximately 7,000 fourth-graders and 6,300 eighth-graders participated in the NIES 2019 student survey. Teachers and school administrators also completed surveys. Additionally, average scores in NAEP reading and mathematics for AI/AN fourth- and eighth- graders from earlier NAEP assessments in 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2015 are compared to their average reading and mathematics scores in 2019.
Student Questionnaires Results: Classroom Instruction for Mathematics, Reading, and Science
This report examines how student views, computer access and usage, and classroom instruction in mathematics, reading and science changed over time and vary across the nation. The report addresses questions such as: "What content, activities or skills do fourth- and eighth-graders' mathematics, reading and science teachers emphasize for grades 4 and 8?" and "How does grade 12 students' classroom activity participation or coursetaking relate to the performance of twelfth-grade students on the 2015 NAEP mathematics, reading and science assessments?"
Survey Questionnaires Results: Students' Computer Access and Use
This report examines fourth-, eighth- and twelfth-grade students’ access to computers and their use of computers for classroom learning, using survey data from the NAEP 2015 mathematics and reading assessments.
Survey Questionnaires Results: Students’ Views of Mathematics, Reading, and Science
Focusing on survey data from the NAEP 2015 mathematics, reading and science assessments, this report discusses how fourth-, eighth- and twelfth-grade students answered survey questions about their level of interest in and enjoyment of mathematics-, reading- and science-related topics and activities.